Topic: Disarmament in Antarctica: The Prosperity of Nuclear Weapon Free Zones
Head Chair: Jack Perenick
Vice Chair: Katie Gazzini
Staff: Sophia Silver
Summary: GLOMUN’s Disarmament and International Security Council will be tasked with ensuring the neutrality of Antarctica. Central to the committee’s focus is the expiration and possible rewriting of the Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively deemed the Antarctic Treaty System, which since 1959 has stood as the bastion for international cooperation by outlining provisions for the peaceful regulation of the territory.
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That balance, however, has become threatened as countries increase the militarization of the continent and surrounding bodies of water in their competition, facilitated by the thawing of the continent due to climate change, to secure the natural resources of oil and gas. It is the mandate of this committee to reach a global consensus regarding the necessary course of management when the prohibition against military installations ends in 2048, one that will maximize peace and prosperity for all parties involved. Delegates will grapple with questions about how to preserve the UN’s method of peaceful deescalation and promote economic and social progress. The resolutions passed by this committee will establish the precedent for how the 21st century will address nuclear weapons-free-zones.
Topic: Economic Recovery of Post Conflict Regions in the Middle East
Head Chair: Holden Lamberson
Vice Chair: Christine Kim
Staff: Akshith Sainarayan
Summary: Since the Arab Spring and the subsequent unrest that followed, the Middle East has been entangled in a myriad of political and economic conflicts. The most significant and impactful of which, including the Syrian Civil War, have displaced refugees across the globe. This committee is tasked with improving the economic sustainability of the Middle East by working to rebuild, develop, and diversify the region’s economies while grappling with some of the most complex challenges that the international community faces. Delegates will determine how to rebuild Middle Eastern economies by employing a methodology that closes the divide between heavily reformist pro-western and reactionary rural populations to avoid further destabilization exacerbated by the perennial internal cleavage. The committee’s mandate is to not only develop plans for economic reform, but also to analyze how to implement the initiatives, safeguard them from corruption and prebendalism, and ensure that they are implemented equitably and efficiently. Finally, delegates must design and implement targeted economic recovery infrastructure focused on circumventing the detrimental ramifications that previous Western intervention attempts have had in the region. Rebuilding the region economically and developing long-term cooperation strategies with the preexisting states in the Middle East are two of the ambitious, yet vital, goals of this committee.
Topic: Rights of Journalists in Conflict Zones
Head Chair: Jiwon Son
Vice Chair: McKenna McMurray
Staff: Faaris Zuberi
Summary: With an interconnected world comes challenges of international scale, and with more information being delivered to the masses than ever, press freedoms are critical and must be protected. By helping to ensure accountability for public officials, creating robust political dialogue, and raising awareness about global issues and concerns, journalists have continued to reveal crucial information to the international community. However, in order for them to continue their pursuit of truth and knowledge, it is the obligation of the UN to safeguard their rights as humans and journalists. Our UNHRC committee will focus on the critical flashpoints of concern: conflict zones. In the past decade, a thousand journalists have been killed in conflict zones. Deeming this predicament “outrageous,” UN Secretary General António Guterres concluded “when journalists are targeted, societies as a whole pay a price” as “no democracy is complete without press freedom.” Our committee will encourage delegates to dive head first into the specificities of journalistic freedoms. By analyzing how press should be regulated in conflict, evaluating the role of citizen journalism (non-professional reporters), and exploring UNHRC’s mechanisms that bolster journalistic freedoms, delegates will come face to face with the realities of journalism in their countries and will work together to create effective, coherent solutions to the issue at hand.
Topic: Education for Refugees
Head Chair: Jaime Nunnikhoven
Vice Chair: Maria Fernández
Staff: Pierre Battistella and Daniel Bendicho
Summary: The THIMUN committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees will address the topic of equal access to education for refugee children. More than half the world’s school-age refugees do not receive a proper education, and 3.1 million refugee children do not attend school at all. These statistics unearth the severity of the issue and the urgency at which it must be solved. The United Nations has declared that by the year 2030 every single individual should receive a quality education, including refugees, and this committee must take into account the social, economic, and political barriers that complicate the aforementioned goal. We encourage delegates to collaborate and reach a solution that will mitigate the educational barriers refugees face and eliminate any disparities that exist between the education of refugees and that of native students. Who takes responsibility for the welfare and education of refugee children? How can we ensure the safety of schools in conflict zones? How can governments and educational systems develop culturally inclusive curriculums? Throughout the committee, delegates will answer similar questions and reference the complexities of international law and conventions in order to reach a conclusion. Delegates are sure to find this committee extremely inviting, challenging, and thought provoking.
El Tema: Medidas de contención para la xenofobia, el racismo y la discriminación en sectores más vulnerables.
Moderadores: Laura Martinez y López Marcos Andrés
Personal: Lily Milgram
Resumen: La Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos de GLOBMUN abarcara el tema de la intolerancia social en grupos vulnerables. La discriminación racial y la intolerancia relacionada son causas comunes de fuga y pueden amenazar la protección de los solicitantes de asilo y refugiados en las etapas posteriores del ciclo de desplazamiento. Pueden manifestarse a través del acceso restringido al asilo o afectar negativamente la calidad del asilo. A los inmigrantes y refugiados se les niega la igualdad de acceso a los servicios públicos, lo que los lleva a ser un blanco para actos de motivación racial. Lo que a menudo comienzacomoexpresionessutilesde aversión e intolerancia puedeconvertirseendiscriminacióninstitucionalizada,incitaciónalodio, abuso verbal y físico y, en última instancia, crímenes de odio. Los inmigrantes, refugiados, personas sin hogar y aquellos con mayor recursos son aquellos que pueden llegar a sufrir esta inolerania más a menudo debido a sus desvatajas sociales. Se deben de comenzar a crear campañas de concientización y tanto gobiernos como empresas privadas deben de tomar acciones para reducir el racismo, xenofobia y la discriminación racial en general.
Economic and Social Councils/Specialized Committees
Topic: Quality of Healthcare in Prisons
Head Chair: Divyash Shah
Vice Chair: Samirah Hussain
Summary: The World Health Organization, an international specialized agency of the United Nations, has the responsibility of overseeing the international public health sector and upholding treaties that promote healthier societies. An often overlooked issue is the health and sanitary conditions of the 11 million+ prisoners incarcerated worldwide. As established by the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services” (Article 25). In all countries, whether developing or developed, prisoners have been advocating for their rights to adequate healthcare. As the committee debates the pertinent topic of Quality Healthcare in Prisons, delegates will be forced to address a series of complex questions. Who must the international community hold responsible for insufficient healthcare in prisons? Are the healthcare rights of prisoners a birthright despite their criminal status? How can we solve the ethical dilemma of giving prisoners adequate healthcare when half of the world also lacks access? The goal of this committee is to work on novel solutions that attack the root of the issue and utilize international collaboration to create new systems of correctional healthcare in all nations.
Topic: Addressing and Mitigating the Long-Term Economic Impact of the 2008 Financial Crisis
Head Chair: Maria Antonia Gouveia
Vice Chair: Katie Vandermel
Summary: The World Bank was initially established in 1944 to aid European nations left devastated from World War II. However, as countries from other parts of the world sought relief, the Bank shifted its focus to a macro level to foster international economic development and poverty eradication. When the 2008 Financial Crisis occurred, the World Bank launched several reforms to mitigate detriments of the economic fiasco. A major phase of reform was to increase the voting power of developing countries and transition economies. During the year in which this simulation is taking place, 2010, the worst of the crisis seems to be over, but the global economy still faces uncertainty, with new risks to economic growth, human development, and poverty reduction. The aim of this contemporary-historical committee is for the convening nations to discuss a tactful and strong approach to improve and mitigate the long-term economic impacts of the 2008 Financial Crisis. The committee will focus on the five post-crisis priorities of the Bank at this time: targeting the poor and vulnerable, creating opportunities for economic growth, promoting collective global action, strengthening governance, and preparing for future crises.
Chair: Justin Wytmar
Vice Chair: Aryav Bothra
Summary: For over one thousand years, the Maya civilization has been the dominant force in Mesoamerica. From the Yucatan Peninsula to the lowlands of Central America, Maya city-states are present, shaping the economic, social, and political culture of the region. The year is approximately 850 AD, and various pressures are beginning to cause a strain on Maya society. Neighboring powers like the Zapotecs and Teotihuacan are on the rise, and extensive farming and logging are taxing the Maya’s natural resources. Droughts and other natural disasters are becoming more common, and unrest is growing among the citizens of the plethora of city-states. This assembly of Maya leaders will be faced with finding a way to restore the environment, quell the growing tension of the Maya people, and prepare for the possibility of foreign invasion. In accomplishing their goals, the committee must not only consider the need to appease the people, but also the complex and demanding gods of the Maya pantheon. How can the Maya work together to face problems at the civilization-level while also maintaining their own city-state’s sovereignty and prestige? How can the Maya restore the environment while also appeasing the gods? These questions, among others, must be addressed by the committee in order for the Maya civilization to rebound.
Chair: Zach Fisher
Crisis Director: Anshul Puri
Crisis Staff: Jamil Allan, Jasper Chang, and Agnes Coleman
Summary: The Langley High School PTA committee will challenge delegates into viewing one of the most tumultuous times in United States History through the perspective of the parents and teachers working at one of the most governmentally connected high schools in the USA, located a mere three hours drive from the nation’s capital: Langley Central High School in Virginia. The committee begins on September 23, 1950, moments after Congress enacted the McCarran Internal Security Act over President Truman’s veto. The controversial Act required all subversive groups to register with the U.S Attorney General in hopes of protecting America’s domestic security from ideological threats. Consequently, the Act initiated a culture of distrust towards immigrant groups and anyone with remote Communist sympathies. It also gave the U.S government the prerogative to “cleanse” its own institutions of foreign threats. Tensions run high as parents and teachers with connections to the nation’s government are tasked with the constant pressure of ousting each other as Russian agents. Over the span of one year Langley Central High will become a battleground for control over various governmental agencies. Delegates will be tasked with maintaining the integrity and security of the United States and its education system while also uncovering the Soviet spies in their midst. No one is safe and everyone is a target as delegates will be challenged with faux CIA investigations, PTA spy scandals, student indoctrination, and the uncovering of what may be the worst Soviet coup yet: that of the United States Educational System.
Chair: Julia Azevedo
Crisis Director: Javier Rincón Gallardo
Crisis Staff: Adham Abo El-Magd and Maylis Hoefnagel
Summary: Since the mid 19th century, oil has been one of the most important natural resources on the planet. It has been the driving force behind political conflicts, power struggles, environmental crises, and the accumulation of vast wealth. Iran, in particular, has one of the world’s largest oil reserves. As a rentier state, Iran relies heavily on its oil industry to drive its economy. In 1914, the British government purchased 51% of the Iranian oil company. Forty years later, in 1953, Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh sought to reduce British control over Iranian oil reserves. When the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company refused to accept Mosaddegh’s proposition, the Iranian Parliament decided to vote on the nationalization of Iran’s oil industry. The United Kingdom, infuriated by the Parliament’s decision, attempted to incite a worldwide boycott of Iranian oil. Fearful of a Communist takeover in Iran and seeking to maintain their hold on oil, Churchill and Eisenhower decided to overthrow the Prime Minister. The CIA must now meet to design and execute this deposition. Delegates will be forced to decide what measures the CIA will take and how they will execute the coup while remaining covert. Set in front of the backdrop of the Cold War, the 1953 oil crisis and CIA coup in Iran is an international crisis with consequences for the country’s national identity which will last for decades. As delegates prepare to topple one of the world’s most powerful regimes, they must ask themselves: what is the true price of oil?
Chair: Collin Dwyer
Crisis Director: Oriana Gjini
Crisis Staff: Samay Inampudi and Maya Schonberg
Summary: For nearly two centuries, Japan under the Tokugawa Shogunate was secluded in Sakoku (closed country). Despite this constraint, Japan made significant national developments including a strong bakufu (government) balanced power and order during the Tokugawa period. By generally eliminating foreign influence, Japan gained astounding political and social development in addition to a prosperous relationship between culture and commerce. Perhaps the most advantageous development of the Sakoku period was Japan’s escape from the clutch of Western indoctrination. While not all Asiatic countries became colonies, many lost defining aspects of their culture and national quality, which Japan, on the other hand, carefully protected. However, the imperialistic hunger of many nations towards the mid 19th century threatened the sovereignty that Japan sustained. The United States, specifically, sought to expand its influence in the Pacific. The recent expansion of America’s borders following the Mexican American War heightened the imperialist greed. One unifying desire of all the imperialist nations was opening Japan. Alluring art, profitable goods, a silent culture, and a strategic foothold in Asia drew foreigners to uncover the mystery of the Land of the Rising Sun. Every attempt at wedging a way in failed for two-hundred years, until Commodore Perry’s arrival in Edo Bay, July 8, 1853. Delegates in this committee must reckon with the consequences of American involvement in Japan, following the Perry expedition, and reach a compromise that ensures Japan’s economic prosperity while protecting its rich cultural legacy.
Chair: Paulo Rodriguez
Crisis Director: Lucy Gale
Crisis Staff: Amy Kim and Karsten Rynearson
Summary: Beyond the Happily Ever After lies the Fairy Tale Universe, a kingdom inhabited by beings of the most fantastical creation. Storybook villains and heroes live in harmony, governed by the revered Eternal Council of Realms’ proclamations. However, the conniving Rumpelstiltskin threatens the universe’s serenity when he conjures a portal to the mortal domain. In his eager search to explore the world of the real Brothers Grimm, he has unknowingly left open the portal that leads straight into the heart of Silicon Valley. Through the portal, human explorers gain entrance to the promising world of myth, characterized by a cache of novel resources and magical curios with the potential to serve as the panacea for all of mankind’s societal ills. Giant technology developers and business tycoons are eager to get their hands on new resources in their race to secure power through the colonization of the universe. The fact that a land previously thought to be bound in a fairy tale is now a step away has obscured the delineation of the border between reality and legend: conflict is bound to erupt as each party fights to protect the future of themselves and more importantly, their world. The Fairy Tale Supreme Council must organize and protect their fabled lands. Will they set aside their storybook rivalries to defend their home, or will their legacies be left behind on the bookshelves, forever?
Chair: Shagnik Mukherjea
Crisis Director: Emma Wallace
Crisis Staff: Maddy Kovaleski, Annika Srivastava, and Altea Thompson
Summary: Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, despite involvement in numerous scandals, rose to power to replace Pope Benedict, as the newly elected Pope Francis, on 13th March 2013. The newly elected Pope Francis, although well-liked by the public, has yet to establish his position on the status quo of the Church’s tradition and has already come under fire for his increasingly liberal policies. Scandals and investigations continue to persist, defaming and harming the reputation of the church. Enter the Roman Curia: the administrative institution of the Holy See and the Central Government of the Catholic Church, responsible for the advancement of the Vatican’s agenda. This body must not only guide Pope Francis on delicate subject matters and international relations, but also try to balance the church’s age-old conservative values and increasingly liberalized societies, all the while executing the Vatican’s day-to-day agenda. Delegates must reconcile with the internal strife, exacerbated by the Pope’s policies, which posits the church in a position of vulnerability; the actions taken by this committee will aid the church in achieving increased prosperity, or its disintegration. This advisory council is responsible for nothing less than fortifying the Vatican’s image and role in an increasingly secular world to ensure that the turmoil of religious politics does not render the institution of the Catholic Church into a bastion of a bygone era: the fate of the Church lies in your hands.